Linguasphere Register of the World’s Languages classified index of over 71, ethnolinguistic names; annotated register of 22, languages & dialects; . The Linguasphere Register of the World’s Languages and Speech Communities is the first attempt at a comprehensive and transnational classification of the. The Linguasphere Observatory was created in in Quebec by David Dalby, and was eventually established and registered in France as a non-profit.

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The Observatoire has now prepared a revised edition of the Linguaspheree Register fromthe first of a projected series of regular updates at year intervals. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Retrieved from ” http: The second numeral linguaspherre used to represent the ten zones into which each geosector is divided for referential purposes.

The first letter of this sequence represents an outer unit preferred from to the original term of “outer language”, to avoid the shifting and often emotive applications of the terms “language” and “dialect”.

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Each set regitser divided into one or more chains represented by the second majuscule and each chain is into one or more nets represented by the third majuscule. This first update to linguasphere. Like the sectors, the zones are described as phylozones or geozonesbased on the relationship of languages, either genetically or geographically.

Geozones are on average divided into more sets than phylozones because relationships among languages within the latter are by definition more obvious and much closer.

The second number of the code represents the zone into which the sector is divided. Languages of the world 13th edn. For that reason, since Linguasphere codes are now increasingly cited in en.

Grant in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society. Thus, a geozone is more often divided into more sets than a phylozone, because the genetic relationships between languages of the latter usually ensures a greater amount of similarity between its members. This primary Framework was only made possible by the fact that all human languages and language groups may be more widely organised, naturally and conveniently, within five major phyla or phylosectors of wider relationship or if not within five major continents or geosectors of wider location, within a system of initial digitsas fully presented and explained in Vol 1 of the Register, and fully documented in Vol.


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In a century of perhaps the greatest demographic and linguistic changes ever known, it will doubtless be useful to conduct a global review of human ethnolinguistic relationships at broadly spaced intervals. The advice and agreement of Wikidata and Wikipedia will of course be necessary for this proposal as a potential subject of debate at a future Wikimania meeting? The first number of this code represents the sector in which the languages of the world are divided. In general, the Register groups languages either according to well-established genetic linkages or, in the case of smaller genetic groupings, by geographic considerations first and genetic relatedness second.

Since that time numerous areal, genetic, and typological reference works on select language groups have appeared as well as important worldwide studies such as Ethnologue: The main alphabetical index in vol. The second part of the linguascale consists of three capital letters majuscules: It is important to record here clearly, and with sincerest gratitude, that the greatly expanded and improved version of this linguasphere.

Observatoire Linguistique ; Welsh: The first letter of this section represents the outer language. Sadly, it proved impossible for the Observatoire, as a small voluntary research association, to maintain this desirable task.

The current edition LScomprising substantial materials from the foundation edition ofis published online from as a freely available public resource and an online data-base, compiled and co-ordinated by David Dalby and Pierrick le Feuvre.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The Linguasphere Observatory devised the Linguasphere language codea reference system for world languages, and is published in the Observatory’s Linguasphere Register.

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: The Linguascale framework is a referential system covering all languages, as published in the Linguasphere Register in and subsequently refined in The third and final part of the linguascale consists of up to three lowercase letters minusculesused to identify a language or dialect with precision: Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June The motto of the Observatoire linguistique dates from —in French: Comments, questions and offers of support will be welcome at linguareg gmail.

The inner units and language varieties that may comprise any outer language are coded using a second, and wherever necessary a third minuscule letter. This has resulted in the provision of an in-built editorial facility for incorporating Linguasphere referential codes into the info-boxes of en.


Its title in Welsh is Wylfa Ieithoeddliterally the “Observatory of languages”, and its publishing associate also in Wales is the Gwasg y Byd Iaithi. Retrieved from ” https: The structure of this foundation edition of the Register provides the framework for the ongoing research of the Observatoire linguistique, and for the further development and expansion of this site as a free public information service.

The linguasphere register of the world’s languages and speech communities in SearchWorks catalog

Sincethe deputy director and webmaster of the Observatoire has been Pierrick le Feuvre,with the chairman of its research council being Roland Breton, emeritus professor at the University of Paris VIII. This page was last edited on 15 Augustat The third, and last part of the Linguasphere code consists of 1—3 lowercase letters used to identify a specific language or dialect with accurate precision, from aaa to zzz.

He also replaces the language vs.

The Register lists 13, inner languages with 8, constituent dialects within 4, outer languages, of which 4, are still spoken; these are subsumed inside linguistic sets roughly corresponding to the low-level, uncontroversial genetic families. Each zone is divided into one or more setsregistef each set being represented by the first majuscule of this three-letter alpha-3 component.

The first numeral of the key represents one of the ten referential sectors into which the world’s languages are initially divided. Each of the zones is divided into at least one set, with each set being represented by the first letter of the second section.

This part of the code is fixed, and is a systematic framework in the classification of the world’s languages. This article needs additional citations for verification. The Observatoire was encouraged in this line linguashere reflection when, inWikidata. The Observatoire is a largely voluntary transnational research organisation, created in Quebec in and subsequently based in Normandy and Wales.

It is the policy of the Observatoire linguawphere its on-going independent work on language coding should be complementary to and supportive of the ISO international standards. Vajda in Language and by Anthony P.

Linguistics organizations Organizations established in