The relationships among the firms comprising the Kalundborg Eco-Industrial Park form an industrial symbiosis. Generally. Read chapter The Industrial Symbiosis at Kalundborg, Denmark: Industrial ecology is a concept that has emerged in response to growing public concern about. The Solution: by working together and exchanging material, water, and energy streams between the partners, Kalundborg Symbiosis increases resilience and.

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DLL Group How refurbisment can work, even when safety and performance matter the most. When kalundbkrg from the Symbiosis Center approach companies to make them build new exchanges, they will deliberately not use the sustainability and circular economy rhetoric — they know that this is not what determines if a company chooses to participate.

Diagram | Kalundborg Symbiosis

Gyproc used the gas today, natural gas to dry the plasterboard produced in their ovens. An action-oriented set of methods, mindsets and thought starters to help innovators design circular solutions that are fit for the future. However, the freight is much cheaper compared to sailing gypsum on boats from Spain to Kalundborg. Have a variety of different actors. The fly ash is used as an ingredient for cement. The Kalundborg municipality completed a district heating distribution.

Since then, the process has been studied and formalized. Novo Nordisk started delivering biological sludge to neighboring farms by tank truck. Steam, sludge, fly ash or hot water are some of the resources exchanged. In particular,cubic meters per year of cooling water is piped from Statoil to Asnaes per year.

I Kalundborg producerer Gyproc gipsplader og udnytter den gips, der Sy,biosis. Data from around show annual savings of 2. Thus, symbiosks production requires less energy. The company produces about 45 percent of the world market of insulin and about 50 percent of the world market of enzymes.



The heat pump can supply up to 10 MW of istrict heating. However, sulfer is redirected into a production of fertilizers based primarily on the gasified residual biomass. Hos Inbicon omdannes halm til 2. Power to grid 3.

Steam from the power plant is sold to Symbbiosis Nordiska pharmaceutical and enzyme manufacturer, in addition to Statoil power plant.

Here the waste is divided into fractions and recycled and reused as much as possible. It was not officially referred to as ‘industrial symbiosis’ untilbecause of the participants philosophy: Derfor bringes temperaturen ned til cirka grader. Over 60 procent af danske boliger opvarmes af fjernvarme. It focuses on education and courses in creating resource exchange systems, and the center also works pro-actively on identifying potential candidates for new, similar exchange projects in the region.

If it were possible, Gyproc would buy more locally, but as a consequence of the Danish policy to kalndborg CO2 emissions, DONG is reducing its use of coal — and this in turn means that the amount of raw gypsum it produces is smaller.

Although there is agreement in principle about the meaning of this concept, there are many and differing opinions as to what it means in practice and how the concept should be translated into specific actions. Especially when a more viable model with a year history of success is here for the whole world to see. This article is part of Nordregio News 1. Its current state of waste heat and materials sharing developed over a period of 20 years.


Gyproc pays about the same price for the raw gypsum, as it pays for mined gypsum imported from Spain. This is made possible via a 12 kilometer long pipeline, which was established in by a public-private partnership between the refinery and Kalundborg Municipality.

The goal of these planned EIPs was to test if the industrial symbiosis that worked so well in Kalundborg could be replicated. In the Danish town of Kalundborg, a number of industrial companies exchange waste and resources with each other in an elaborate network of pipelines. The Kalundborg Symbiosis was developed based on commercial agreements between the partners.

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A large part of the walls and ceilings in homes, companies and offices are covered with gypsum produced at Gyproc in Kalundborg, part of the Saint Gobain Group. In practice, using industrial symbiosis as an approach to commercial operations — using, recovering and redirecting resources for reuse — results in resources remaining in productive use in the economy for longer.

Collaboration between the partners is now second nature and every new decision in each company will consider the possibilities for and impact on the other partners and the Kalundborg as a whole.

NovoGro is not only a waste product to dispose when Novo and Novozymes are done letting their yeasts eat off their biomass and produce enzymes and medications like insulin. A large part of the ethanol can be regenerated.