Abstract: Critical approaches to the influence of Johann Jakob Bachofen’s aspect of the reception of Bachofen’s ideas about ancient matriarchy that I will be. There are no works listed on Wikisource for this author. If you’d like to add a new text, please review Help:Adding texts. Johann Jakob Bachofen (–) was a Swiss jurist, student of Greco- Roman antiquity, and anthropologist. Bachofen came from a prominent Basel family.
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The modern study of kinship can be traced back to midth-century interests in comparative legal institutions and philology. Roman lawanthropology. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Indeed, it was not known that Bachofen actually did extensive ethnological research until recently, when his unpublished manuscripts were examined in connection with the publication of his Gesammelte Werke, a large project undertaken in the s. To the end of the nineteenth century most bacohfen accepted the pioneer formulations of the Mutterrecht, a countermovement setting in only with E.
Bachofen assembled documentation to demonstrate that motherhood was the keystone of human society, religionmoralityand decorum drawing upon societies in Lycia, Crete, GreeceEgyptIndiaCentral Asia, North Africaand Spain.
Johann Jakob Bachofen | Swiss jurist and anthropologist |
Die Sage von Tanaquil, It was in these years that he began studying history. He analyzed myths and archaeological artifacts in an attempt to reconstruct the spiritual and social worlds of ancient societies. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Bachofen was a professor of the history of Roman law at the University of Basel —45 and also a judge of the Basel criminal court — Mountains have historically restricted internal communications, but the sea has opened up wider horizons.
After completing his doctorate in Basel, he studied for another two years in Paris, London and Cambridge. From to he also held an appointment as a judge. Politics and social sciences Anthropologists Credited.
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Bachofen, Johann Jakob
He remained working as a judge for the next 20 years, but completely withdrew from public life. There was a problem with your submission. In spite of the recognition these works received from his professional colleagues, Bachofen abandoned the field of jurisprudence.
He was called to the Basel chair for Roman law inbut he retired early inand published most of his works as a private scholar. A fuller edited English edition in several volumes is being published. He undertook several long journeys to ItalyFranceSpainand Greecewhere he studied ancient civilizations. Bachofen’s model was based on an imaginative interpretation of the existing archaeological evidence of his time, and tells us as much about Bachofen’s own time as it does the past.
Kohler, Joseph Johann Jakob Bachofen. University of California Press.
Already inat the age of 23, he finished his doctoral studies. Alexis Giraud-Teulon, an anthropologist from Genevawas a great admirer of his ideas on the importance of matriarchies in ancient societies. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance johnan New World Encyclopedia standards. In he decided to revise the Mutterrecht to encompass the entire earth, and in the next fifteen vachofen proceeded to familiarize himself with nearly all known cultures.
Morgan and exchanged views with them. Johann Jakob Bachofen’s seminal work Mother Right presented a radically new view of the role of women in a broad range of ancient societies. He presented a radically new view of the role of women johamn a broad range of ancient societies.
Modern Language Association http: Only the encouragement of J. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. As has been noted by Joseph Campbell in Occidental Mythology and others, Bachofen’s theories stand in radical opposition to the Aryan origin theories of religion, culture and society, and both Campbell and writers such as Evola have suggested that Bachofen’s theories only adequately explain the development of religion among the pre-Aryan cultures of the Mediterranean and the Levant, and possibly Southern Asia, but that a separate, patriarchal development existed among the Aryan tribes which conquered Europe and parts of Asia.
Bachofen wrote two monographs on legal history, which were published inand these were followed by his major works on Roman civil lawand This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. Johann Jakob Bachofenborn Dec.
Johann Jakob Bachofen
Copyright The Columbia University Press. History of “Johann Jakob Bachofen” Note: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bachofens romantische Deutung des Altertums. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of He concluded the work by connecting hachofen “mother right” with the Christian veneration of the Virgin Mary.
It is the first scientific history of the family as a social institution. His decision to do so was not a sudden one. In other than social scientific circles, Bachofen and L. Thank You for Your Contribution! There was one contemporary of Bachofen who supported his work.
He also demonstrated that marriage, family, and kinship take on different forms in different societies, and assumed an evolutionary sequence of primitive promiscuity, leading to bchofen, and finally patriarchal forms of social organization.