DISTRACCION OSEA MANDIBULAR PDF

PALABRAS CLAVE: La distracción osteogénica, formación ósea; Odontología. reabsorption toothless alveolar rims or mandibular and maxilar atrophies. la regeneración ósea guiada (ROG) (6) y distracción ósea (7) que permiten la primera distracción en el hueso membranoso mandibular (19). El nombre de. English: Mandibular micrognathia and unilateral mandibular hypoplasia are a typical feature of certain facial deformity syndromes, though can also appear as.

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Los pacientes con deformidades craneofaciales requieren generalmente multiples y, a veces, complejos procedimientos quirurgicos para reconstruir tejidos blandos y duros alterados.

Patients with severe craniofacial abnormalities often require multiple and complex surgical procedures to reconstruct maldeveloped hard and soft tissues of the maxillofacial complex. An important advance in reconstructive surgery is mandibular lengthening by gradual distraction, which takes advantage to be less agressive surgery than some osteotomies. With this technique, a bicortical osteotomy is made at the angle of the deficient mandible, and an expansion appliance is placed across the osteotomy line.

Although the applied forces have been shown to lengthen the mandible effectively in the region of the application, their effects on the proximal and distal mandibular segments, including the temporomandibular joint region, have not been analyzed systematically. In this article, we study several experimental and clinical papers where it describes the relationship between mandibular distraction and temporomandibular joint.

Aporta gran resistencia a las fuerzas compresivas. El trabajo fundamental que se refiere a este aspecto es el de Samchukov. El primer trabajo experimental publicado fue el de Harper y cols.

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En los distintos grupos estudiados se aprecian erosiones condilares de mayor o menor amplitud. El antecedente a oeea estudios experimentales en este campo fue el publicado por Ellis. El primer trabajo concretamente es el de McCormick.

En un grupo se llega a los 20 mm y en otro a los 10 mm. Los autores extraen una serie de conclusiones. El siguiente estudio es el Zou y cols. El estudio de Thurmuller y cols. En el estudio de Muhonen y cols. Se considera que esto significa cambios adaptativos o remodeladores propios de la ATM. Mandibular lengthening by gradual distraction: Michieli S, Miotti B. Lengthening of mandibular body by gradual surgical-orthodontic distraction.

J Oral Surg ; Bone lengthening in the craniofacial skeleton. Ann Plast Surg ; A serial histological study. The role of distraction osteogenesis in the reconstruction of the mandible in unilateral craniofacial microsomia.

Clin Plast Surg ; Lengthening the human mandible by gradual distraction. Plast Reconstr Surg ; Distraction Osteogenesis of the Craniofacial Skeleton.

The effect of limb lengthening on distrafcion cartilage. Clin Orthop Relat Res ; Knee articular cartilage injury in leg lengthening: Acta Orthop Scand ; Biomechanical considerations of mandibular lengthening and widening by gradual distraction using a compuer model. J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; Reactive changes in the temporomandibular joint after midline distraction.

Distracción Osteogénica en la Odontología

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; Remodeling of the temporomandibular Manddibular following mandibular distraction osteogenesis in the transverse dimension.

Long term effect of mandibular midline distraction osteogenesis on the status of the TMJ, teeth, periodontal structures and neurosensory function. Ellis E, Hinton RJ. Histologic examination of the temporomandibular joint after mandibular advancement with and without rigid fixation: An experimental investigation in Adult Macaca mulatta. Effect of mandibular distraction on the temporomandibular joint. J Craniofac Surg ;6: The effect of gradual distraction of the mandible on the sheep temporomandibular joint.

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Distracción mandibular y articulación temporomandibular

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; Changes in the temporomandibular joint after mandibular lengthening with different rates of distraction. Changes in the condyle and disc in response mandibulzr distraction osteogenesis of the minipig mandible.

J oral maxillofac Surg ; Osteoblastic activity of the rabbit temporomandibular joint during distraction osteogenesis assessed by fluoride positron emission tomography. Eur J Oral Sci ; Effect of mandibular distraction osteogenesis on temporomandibular joint after previous irradiation and hyperbaric oxygenation.

Reconstuction of the mandibular condyle distracicon transport distraction osteogenesis.

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J Craniofac Surg ;8: Condylar displacement related to mandibular symphyseal distraction. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; Combined Distarccion therapy of temporomandibular joint ankylosis and secondary deformity using intraoral distraction.

J Craniofac Surg ; Cavaliere C, Buchman S. Mandibular distraction in the absence of an ascending ramus and condyle.

Distraction lengthening of the mandibular costochondral graft: Temporomandibular joint; Mandibular distraction; Mandibular reconstruction.

En consecuencia, al examinar la literatura publicada puede concluirse que: Travesera de Gracia,Barcelona, Barcelona, ES, maxilo elsevier.