This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Essential Guide to Interrogation and Torture: CIA KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual, Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual, Art and. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.

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Such typologies also cause disagreement even among professional psychiatrists and psychologists. Allowing the source to write letters, especially if he can be led to believe that they will be smuggled out without the knowledge of the authorities, may produce information which is difficult to extract by direct questioning.

CIA declassifies new portions of Cold War-era interrogation manual • MuckRock

At stations or bases which cannot conduct screening in the formal sense, it is still worth-while to preface any important interrogation with an interview of the source, conducted by someone other than the interrogator and designed to provide a maximum of evaluative information before interrogation commences.

The best general line to follow in handling those who believe that they are exceptions is to listen attentively within reasonable timelimits to their grievances and to make no commitments that cannot be discharged fully. As was noted at the beginning of this section, the successful interrogation of a strongly resistant source ordinarily involves two key processes: I feel, personally, that he was exaggerating a great deal.

The handling and questioning of defectors are subject to the provisions of [one or two words deleted] Directive No. The fourth is ideological resistance.

MDR for Full Text of July 1963 “KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation” Manual

If during screening or any other pre-interrogation phase it is ascertained that the source has been interrogated before, this fact should be made known to the interrogator. Such items should be entered into the record, but it is normally preferable not to diverge from an impersonal topic in order to follow a biographic lead.


The interrogation situation is in itself disturbing to most people encountering it for the first time. He is often caught up completely in efforts to prove that he has been treated unjustly. Perhaps the interrogatkon advice is that the interrogator, once alerted by information from the screening process see Part VI or by the subject’s excessive preoccupation with moral judgements, should treat as suspect and subjective any information provided by the interrogatee about any matter that is of moral concern to him.

The definitions, legal considerations, and discussions of interrogators and sources, as well as Section VI on screening and other preliminaries, are relevant to all kinds of interrogations. From the viewpoint counterintelpigence the intelligence service the categories of persons who most frequently provide useful information in response to questioning are travellers; repatriates; defectors, escapees, and refugees; transferred sources; agents, including provocateurs, double agents, and penetration agents; and swindlers and fabricators.

Why a Draft Would Weaken the U. Any interrogatee has his ups and downs, times when he is tired or half-ill, times when his personal interrobation have left his nerves frayed. They are not impulsive in behavior. The real world seems to him empty and meaningless, in contrast with the mysteriously significant world that he has made.

KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation

The nine major groups within the psychological-emotional category adopted for this handbook are the following. The difference is that the pressure is generated inside jubark interrogatee. The causes of most guilt complexes are real or fancied wrongs done to parents or others whom the subject felt he ought to love and honor. The interrogator should resist this tendency.

His money and other possessions have for him a personalized quality; they are parts of himself. He can shift the environment abruptly.

All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April An interrogatee who is withholding items of no grave consequence to himself may sometimes be persuaded to talk by the simple tactic of pointing out that to date all of the information about his case has come from persons other than himself.


He has established the superiority that he will need later, as the questioning develops, and manhal has increased the chances of establishing rapport. The interrogator begins routine questioning of A, speaking rather softly and inducing A to follow suit.

If the interrogator is unaware of this unconcsious process, the result can be a confused battle of submerged attitudes, in which the spoken words are often merely a cover for the unrelated struggle being waged at lower levels of both personalities. People who show these characteristics are actually unusually fearful. Its purpose is to keep from the questioner any guilty information or information that would be damaging to the coubterintelligence self-esteem.

This kind of source is almost constantly happy-go-lucky, impulsive, inconsistent, and undependable. Or he may remain silent when accused, enjoying the “punishment. From the beginning of planning to the end of questioning it has been necessary to understand and guard against the various troubles that kybark vengeful ex-source can cause. Whether the sense of guilt has real or imaginary causes does not affect the result of intensification of guilt feelings.

It is the business of the interrogator to provide the right rationalization at the right time.

The legality of detaining and questioning a person, and of the methods employed, [approx. Planning and subsequent conduct should eliminate such cross-currents before they develop, especially because the source will seek to turn them to his advantage.