ANOREKSIA NERVOSA PDF

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is defined by the persistent restriction of energy intake, intense fear of gaining weight and disturbance in self-perceived weight or shape. WebMD gives an overview of anorexia nervosa, a life-threatening eating disorder . Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality of any psychiatric disorder. It has a prevalence of about % in young women. It is more than twice as common in.

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Individuals may control food and weight as a means of controlling areas of life that feel out of control, or anorsksia a way of expressing complex or concerning emotions. Restricted energy intakeleading to lower than normal anorekwia weight and, often, the loss of a considerable amount of weight in a short period of time.

An intense fear of gaining weighteven when the individual is already underweight, starved or malnourished. Disturbed body image, including extreme emphasis on their appearance and the perception that they are overweight despite being considerably underweight. People with the restricting subtype place severe restrictions on the amount and type of food they consume, including through the restriction of certain food groups e.

These restrictive behaviours around food may be accompanied by excessive exercise. Purging behaviour involves self-induced vomiting, or deliberately misusing laxatives, diuretics or enemas to compensate for eating food. Someone with anorexia nervosa may display a combination of the following symptoms: Rapid weight loss or frequent weight change; unable to maintain normal body weight. Loss or disturbance of menstruation in girls and women and decreased libido in men.

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Feeling cold most of the time, even in warm weather caused by poor circulation. Having a distorted body image e. Increased sensitivity to comments relating to food, weight, body shape, exercise. Radical changes in food preferences e. Obsessive rituals around food preparation and eating e. Secrecy around eating e.

Anorexia Nervosa: Causes, Symptoms, Signs & Treatment Help

Repetitive or obsessive behaviours relating to body shape and weight e. Compulsive or excessive exercising e. Deliberate misuse of laxatives, appetite suppressants, enemas and diuretics.

The risks associated with anorexia nervosa are severe and can be life threatening. Osteoporosis— a condition that leads to bones becoming fragile and easily fractured.

Anorexia nervosa

Psychological treatment has been clinically proven to reduce the severity, impact and duration of anorexia nervosa. Evidence-based therapies to consider for the treatment of anorexia nervosa in young people include: Evidence-based therapies to consider for the treatment of anorexia nervosa in adults include: If you suspect that you or someone you know has anorexia nervosa, it is important to seek help immediately.

The earlier you seek help the closer you are to recovery. Contact your GP for a referral to a practitioner with specialised knowledge in health, nutrition and eating disorders.

Anorexia nervosa

We will continue throughout to update and improve the NEDC website and welcome any feedback you may have on the site. Anorexia nervosa AN is defined by the persistent restriction of energy intake, intense fear of gaining weight and disturbance in self-perceived weight or shape.

Anorexia nervosa is characterised by: Restricted energy intakeleading to lower than anpreksia body weight and, often, the loss of a considerable amount of weight in a short period of time An intense fear of gaining weighteven when the individual is already underweight, starved or malnourished Disturbed body image, including extreme emphasis on their appearance and the perception that they are overweight despite being considerably underweight There are two subtypes of anorexia nervosa: Purging behaviour involves self-induced vomiting, or deliberately misusing laxatives, diuretics or enemas to compensate for eating food What are the warning signs of anorexia nervosa?

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Physical signs Rapid weight loss or frequent weight change; unable to maintain normal body weight Loss or disturbance anorekia menstruation in girls and women and decreased libido in men Fainting or dizziness Feeling cold most of the time, even in warm weather caused by poor circulation Feeling bloated, constipated, or the development of food intolerances Low energy, feeling tired and not sleeping well Facial changes e.

Anaemia iron deficiency Compromised immune system e.

Family Based Therapy and the Maudsley Approach. Specialized outpatient treatment Evidence-based therapies to consider for nervsoa treatment of anorexia nervosa in adults include: Getting help If you suspect that you or someone you know has anorexia nervosa, it is important to seek help immediately.